Wednesday, July 31, 2013

Quarterly And Yearly GDP Growth Rates Do Not Accurately Predict Following Year's GDP Growth Rate: S&P Index Is A Bettter Economic Forecaster Than Past GDP Growth Number

From The Wall Street Journal, "The Stock Market Beats GDP as an Economic Bellwether: The initial quarterly numbers are usually wrong—and they're poor predictors of future economic growth." by Edward Lazear:
The government's initial estimate of the previous quarter's GDP, the "advance" estimate, is followed by revisions in the two subsequent months, called the "preliminary" and "final" estimate. The "final" estimate is often revised again in subsequent months and years to yield the actual GDP number. It is quite common for there to be significant differences between the actual GDP number and the initial estimate.

The average quarter between 1996 and 2012 experienced growth at an annualized rate of 2.4%. In 26 of the 67 quarters that I analyzed, the advance estimate the BEA missed the actual rate of growth (reported much later) by at least 1.2 percentage points—half the actual average growth rate. In nine of those quarters, the initial GDP estimate was off by more than the average growth rate itself, e.g., off by more than 2.4 percentage points.
In fact, there is no clear statistical relation of a given quarter's GDP growth to the growth rate during the following year. A good leading indicator should at least predict whether the future will be better or worse than average. But knowing where the current quarter's GDP growth rate is relative to its historic average predicts correctly where next year's GDP growth rate will be relative to its historic average only 61% of the time. This is not much better than a coin toss. The longer run view is no better. Last year's growth rate does not predict with any statistical reliability next year's growth rate.

Market indexes are better predictors of GDP growth. My analysis of 1996-2012 shows that the performance of the S&P 500 relative to its average predicts the performance of the economy in the next year relative to its average a full three-fourths of the time.

Indeed, knowing the current quarter's GDP growth rate adds almost nothing to the predictive power of the quarterly change in S&P 500. For the purposes of predicting next year's GDP growth, we are better off ignoring the current quarter's growth rate altogether.

For every additional 80-point quarterly change in the S&P 500—which is the average quarterly change (up or down) during the period I studied—the market predicts about one-half percentage point of additional GDP growth during the subsequent year with statistical reliability. (Here, statistical reliability means that the correlation between future GDP and the S&P 500 could have arisen from pure luck with a probability of less than 3-in-100.)

In Countries With Greater Income Inequality, People At All Income Levels Are Happier

From Columbia Ideas at Work, "Does Inequality Make You Happier? New research shows that the relationship between income inequality and life satisfaction is not as simple as it seems" by Paul Ingram, Kravis Professor of Business at Columbia Business School:
The assumption is widespread in Western countries: income equality is bad. Policymakers from across the political spectrum often base their arguments on this idea, and in recent years it has become embedded in our cultural consciousness. But the relationship between income inequality and happiness turns out to be complicated, and often surprising. As new research by Professor Paul Ingram and Columbia Business School doctoral candidate Ivana Katic shows, people at all income levels are happier, on average, in countries wit h greater income inequality.

Slow Long-Term Growth US Economy Means Longer Working Years And Many Fewer Future Retirees

From Bloomberg, "Don't Grade the Economy on a Curve" by Megan McArdle:
To take just one example, think about retirement savings. If the economy is going to grow at 3 percent a year, then you can pour a relatively modest 15 percent of your income into savings and probably retire in comfort. But if it is going to grow at 0 percent, then stocks won’t deliver much in the way of aggregate returns, so you need to save more like 40 percent of your income, if you want to enjoy a retirement that’s now often almost as long as your working life.

People do not realize that that when they put a fairly small percentage of their income into a retirement account, they’re banking on a pretty steady growth rate. It just doesn’t occur to them, because economic growth has been going on for so long that it feels like a law of nature, not something that’s highly contingent.
Real gross domestic product -- the output of goods and services produced by labor and property located in the United States -- increased at an annual rate of 1.7 percent in the second quarter of 2013 (that is, from the first quarter to the second quarter), according to the "advance" estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In the first quarter, real GDP increased 1.1 percent (revised [downward]).

New York State Facing $2 Billion Plus Budget Gaps For Next Several Years Warns State Comptroller DiNapoli: Full Report

From The Journal News,, "DiNapoli warns of growing state budget gaps" by Joseph Spector, Albany Bureau Chief:
New York could face rising budget gaps if the economy doesn't improve and the state lets some taxes expire as planned, Comptroller Thomas DiNapoli said in a report Tuesday.

The state's five-year fiscal outlook expects budget gaps of $2 billion next fiscal year and $2.9 billion in the two subsequent years. DiNapoli warned that the budget gaps could be as high as $6 billion if the state's revenue and spending projections aren't met.

"The use of non-recurring or temporary resources to meet recurring expenses exacerbates the structural deficit, making future budgeting more difficult," the report said.
NYS Comptroller's report is available as a PDF and embedded below.

NYS Comptroller Report on Fiscal Year 2013-14

Monday, July 29, 2013

Many Early Detected "Cancers" Are Not Fatal, Not Cancerous And Not Malignant: Top Cancer Scientists Call For Restricting "Cancer" Use As A Diagnostic Term

From The New York Times, "Scientists Seek to Rein In Diagnoses of Cancer" by Tara Parker-Pope:
A group of experts advising the nation’s premier cancer research institution has recommended sweeping changes in the approach to cancer detection and treatment, including changes in the very definition of cancer and eliminating the word entirely from some common diagnoses.

The recommendations, from a working group of the National Cancer Institute, were published on Monday in the Journal of the American Medical Association. They say, for instance, that some premalignant conditions, like one that affects the breast called ductal carcinoma in situ, which many doctors agree is not cancer, should be renamed to exclude the word carcinoma so that patients are less frightened and less likely to seek what may be unneeded and potentially harmful treatments that can include the surgical removal of the breast.

The group, which includes some of the top scientists in cancer research, also suggested that many lesions detected during breast, prostate, thyroid, lung and other cancer screenings should not be called cancer at all but should instead be reclassified as IDLE conditions, which stands for “indolent lesions of epithelial origin.”
"We need a 21st-century definition of cancer instead of a 19th-century definition of cancer, which is what we’ve been using," said Dr. Otis W. Brawley, the chief medical officer for the American Cancer Society, who was not directly involved in the report.

The impetus behind the call for change is a growing concern among doctors, scientists and patient advocates that hundreds of thousands of men and women are undergoing needless and sometimes disfiguring and harmful treatments for premalignant and cancerous lesions that are so slow growing they are unlikely to ever cause harm.

The advent of highly sensitive screening technology in recent years has increased the likelihood of finding these so-called incidentalomas — the name given to incidental findings detected during medical scans that most likely would never cause a problem. However, once doctors and patients are aware a lesion exists, they typically feel compelled to biopsy, treat and remove it, often at great physical and psychological pain and risk to the patient. The issue is often referred to as overdiagnosis, and the resulting unnecessary procedures to which patients are subjected is called overtreatment.

Officials at the National Cancer Institute say overdiagnosis is a major public health concern and a priority of the agency. "We’re still having trouble convincing people that the things that get found as a consequence of mammography and P.S.A. testing and other screening devices are not always malignancies in the classical sense that will kill you,” said Dr. Harold Varmus, the Nobel Prize-winning director of the National Cancer Institute. “Just as the general public is catching up to this idea, there are scientists who are catching up, too."

Older People Are Healhty Until A Year Or Two Before Death

From "People are remaining healthier later in life" on ScienceBlog:
A new study, conducted by David Cutler, the Otto Eckstein Professor of Applied Economics, shows that, even as life expectancy has increased over the past two decades, people have become increasingly healthier later in life.

"With the exception of the year or two just before death, people are healthier than they used to be," Cutler said. "Effectively, the period of time in which we're in poor health is being compressed until just before the end of life. So where we used to see people who are very, very sick for the final six or seven years of their life, that's now far less common. People are living to older ages and we are adding healthy years, not debilitated ones."

The study results are based on data collected between 1991 and 2009 from nearly 90,000 individuals who responded to the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey (MCBS). Cutler reported these findings in work with Mary Beth Landrum of Harvard Medical School and Kaushik Ghosh of the National Bureau of Economic Research.

Thursday, July 25, 2013

Almost All Americans Approve Of Marriage Between Blacks And Whites

From Gallup, "In U.S., 87% Approve of Black-White Marriage, vs. 4% in 1958: Ninety-six percent of blacks, 84% of whites approve" by Frank Newport:
87% of Americans now favor marriage between blacks and whites, up from 4% in 1958.
Source: Gallup

Internet Has Increased Domestic Music Listening Over Foreign Music

From The Economist, Free exchange, "Face the music" by C W:
From the 1960s to the 1980s, the proportion of domestic music fell sharply: Italians were listening to relatively less Italian music and relatively more American music. By 1985, consumers spent as much time listening to foreign bands as they did domestic groups. But from the low point of the mid-1980s the picture changed. We have now reached a level of domestic consumption not seen for 50 years, with 70% of listening time devoted to domestic tunes. People increasingly seem to prefer domestic repertoire to foreign fare.

Why is this? Improved communication networks make a big—and counterintuitive—difference. People might assume that the internet would make consumers’ music choices more global. But the spread of the internet has actually enabled the dissemination of local music within countries more than it has increased the availability and consumption of foreign music.

Copy Of USDOJ Insider Trading Criminal Indictment Against SAC Capital Advisors

Copy of US criminal indictment and grand jury charges against SAC Capital Advisors for insider trading embedded below. The indictment is also available on USDOJ website. Also, SEC civil charges against Steven Cohen are here.

USDOJ Criminal Indictment Against SAC For Insider Trading by Milton Recht

American Companies' Share Of US Workers Declining: Hiring More Workers Abroad

From The New York Times, Economix, "The Multinational Equation on Jobs" by Catherine Rampell:
As for American multinational companies (like Ford, which Mr. Obama cited), their employment in the United States actually stayed flat from 2009 to 2011 while they hired in large numbers abroad. From 2009 to 2011, domestic employment at these American companies was 22.9 million, while the number of employees abroad rose to 11.7 million from 10.8 million.

As a result, the share of employment at these American companies that is based at home has been shrinking, to 66.3 percent in 2011 from 79 percent in 1989:

Source: Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis.

Soutce: The New York Times

US Median Real (Inflation Adjusted) Household Income Is 5% Lower Than In June 2009

From The Wall Street journal, "The Inequality President: The rich have done fine under Obamanomics, not so the middle class:"
Each month the consultants at Sentier Research crunch the numbers from the Census Bureau's Current Population Survey and estimate the trend in median annual household income adjusted for inflation. In its May 2013 report, Sentier put the figure at $51,500, essentially unchanged from $51,671 a year earlier.

Source: The Wall Street Journal

And that's the good news. The bad news is that median real household income is $2,718, or 5%, lower than the $54,218 median in June 2009 when the recession officially ended. Median incomes typically fall during recessions. But the striking fact of the Obama economy is that median real household income has fallen even during the recovery.

While the declines have stabilized over the last two years, incomes are still far below the previous peak located by Sentier of $56,280 in January 2008.

Wednesday, July 24, 2013

NYC Owes $88 Billion For Retiree Health Care: 15 Times As Much As Detroit Owes

From City Journal, "What New York Should Learn from Detroit: The Motor City’s bankruptcy proves that even big cities are not too big to fail." by Nicole Gelinas:
New York, after all, is doing well compared with many other cities. The time to act is now. But act New York must: the city’s obligations dwarf even Detroit’s. Consider the $5.7 billion Detroit owes for retiree health care. New York owes $88.2 billion—or $20 billion more than Detroit when adjusted for population—and the city has no money squirreled away for this purpose. Or consider pensions: New York owed pensioners $69.9 billion more than it set aside as of last year’s annual report. Adjusted for population, that’s $28 billion more than Detroit owes. New York’s bondholder debt stands at $77.3 billion, about $34 billion less than Detroit when adjusted for the population difference. That means there’s still time, but bondholders should remember that Detroit kept borrowing until it was too late to maintain the illusion that the city could afford its retirement benefits. Now both creditors and pensioners will suffer.

New York should heed another stark indicator. Detroit can’t balance its annual budget because it must spend one-third of its revenues on health, retirement benefits, and debt. New York’s budget has run an operating deficit six of the past seven years (with the shortfalls covered by pre-2008 surpluses). These deficits exist because New York also spent a third of the budget on health, retirement benefits, and debt.

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

NYS Fracking Moratorium Five Years Old: Despite Safe Fracking Across Its Border In PA And Despite DOE And EPA Studies Finding Fracking Safe

New York State, particularly Governor Andrew Cuomo, continues to allow its upstate residents and economy to suffer by bowing to NYC metro area liberal and environmental political groups who oppose fracking, despite all the studies and real world evidence that it can occur safely.

From The Journal News, "Five years later, fracking pause still in place" by Jon Campbell:
Tuesday marks the five-year anniversary of the state’s official move to put large-scale hydrofracking permit applications on hold, a period of time opponents of the technique say speaks to their strength and advocates say points to a display of political indecision.

The Joint Landowners Coalition of New York, a statewide group of pro-drilling landowners, is hosting a news conference in Binghamton to mark the anniversary. A five-year delay is “ridiculous” and landowners are “fed up,” the group wrote in a memo to local organizations.

Many environmental and anti-fracking groups, citing the potential for damage to water supplies and community character, have called on the state to either ban shale-gas drilling or implement a lengthier moratorium.

Then Gov. David Paterson officially put high-volume fracking on pause in New York on July 23, 2008, when he ordered the Department of Environmental Conservation to conduct an in-depth environmental review of the technique and craft permitting guidelines.

Monday, July 22, 2013

Fiscal And Monetary Policy Uncertainty Increased Unemployment By 1.3 Percent, From 6.5 To 7.8 Percent At End Of 2012: Fed Reserve Bank Of San Francisco

From Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Economic Letter, "Uncertainty and the Slow Labor Market Recovery" by Sylvain Leduc and Zheng Liu:
The U.S. labor market has recovered more slowly following the Great Recession than after previous recessions. Historically, the unemployment rate tends to fall as job openings increase, a relationship represented graphically by the Beveridge curve. However, even though the number of job openings in the economy has been rising during the recovery, the unemployment rate has remained stubbornly high. As a result, as Figure 1 shows, the Beveridge curve has shifted away from its historical pattern. There are now more jobless workers for a given number of job openings than in the decade before the downturn.

Sources: Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey (JOLTS), Daly et al. (2012),and authors’ calculations. Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco
We present evidence that heightened uncertainty about economic policy during the recovery made businesses more reluctant to hire workers. When uncertainty rises, businesses become more hesitant to hire. They reduce recruiting efforts by raising hiring standards, increasing the number of interviews, or simply not filling vacancies. For instance, some businesses may interview candidates multiple times and end up deciding to postpone hiring altogether (see Rampell 2013).

Our results suggest that heightened policy uncertainty accounts for as much as two-thirds of the recent shift in the Beveridge curve. We estimate that uncertainty pushed the unemployment rate 1.3 percentage points higher by late 2012 than it would have been based on trends from the decade before the downturn. Without elevated uncertainty, unemployment would have been roughly 6.5% at the end of 2012, instead of the actual 7.8%.
In an uncertain economic environment, businesses reduce their recruiting intensity. This means that job seekers are less likely to be successful in finding work, even though posted job vacancies increase.

Most Americans Prefer Traditonal Books To Electronic Book Devices

From Rasmussen Reports, "75% Prefer Traditional Book to Electronic Reading Device:"
Three-out-of-four Americans still prefer a traditional book over an electronic book-reading device and continue to reads books that way.

A new Rasmussen Reports national telephone survey finds that 75% of American Adults would rather read a book in a traditional print format than on an electronic book-reading device like a Kindle.

Friday, July 19, 2013

Full Text Of SEC Charges Against Steven Cohen

From the SEC press release, "SEC Charges Steven A. Cohen With Failing to Supervise Portfolio Managers and Prevent Insider Trading:"

Washington D.C., July 19, 2013 — The Securities and Exchange Commission today announced charges against hedge fund adviser Steven A. Cohen for failing to supervise two senior employees and prevent them from insider trading under his watch.

The SEC’s Division of Enforcement alleges that Cohen received highly suspicious information that should have caused any reasonable hedge fund manager to investigate the basis for trades made by two portfolio managers who reported to him – Mathew Martoma and Michael Steinberg. Cohen ignored the red flags and allowed Martoma and Steinberg to execute the trades. Instead of scrutinizing their conduct, Cohen praised Steinberg for his role in the suspicious trading and rewarded Martoma with a $9 million bonus for his work. Cohen’s hedge funds earned profits and avoided losses of more than $275 million as a result of the illegal trades.
Full text of SEC Administraive Proceeding Order instituting proceedings against Steven A Cohen below and on SEC site. USDOJ insider trading criminal charges against SAC are here.

Steven a Cohen SEC Administrative Hearing Order

Study Finds Facebook Photos Not Useful For Judging Prospective Employees

From TIME, "Employers: Facebook Party Pics Don’t Always Reflect Employees’ Bad Judgment" by Maia Szalavitz:
While recent concerns about employers plumbing social media for information about both current and potential employees have led many users to adjust their privacy settings and posting habits, a new study found that college students who posted images of themselves [on Facebook] enjoying a drink or two, or even using drugs were just as responsible and hard-working as those who did not advertise their partying.

"People high in conscientiousness were just as likely to post about chugging beer or doing drugs as someone who was low in conscientiousness," says the study’s lead author William Stoughton, a doctoral candidate at North Carolina State University.

Those who posted drinking and drug images were also more likely to be extraverted than people who didn’t— another trait that many employers find appealing, since it involves being sociable, friendly and enthusiastic, all useful for occupations that require interacting with others.

So by screening out candidates who show drinking and drug use on social media, "You might be throwing out the very people you want," says another of the study’s co-authors Lori Foster Thompson, an associate professor of psychology at North Carolina State.

Department Of Energy Study Finds Fracking Does NOT Pollute Drinking Water

From CBS News, "Study finds fracking chemicals didn't pollute water: AP" by The Associated Press:
A landmark federal study on hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, shows no evidence that chemicals from the natural gas drilling process moved up to contaminate drinking water aquifers at a western Pennsylvania drilling site, the Department of Energy told The Associated Press.

After a year of monitoring, the researchers found that the chemical-laced fluids used to free gas trapped deep below the surface stayed thousands of feet below the shallower areas that supply drinking water, geologist Richard Hammack said.

Big Box Retailers Join Walmart In Opposing Washington DC Fair Wage Law Which Applies Only To Large Square Foot Stores And Exempts Unionized Stores

From Washington Business Journal, "Major retailers urge Gray veto of living wage bill, threaten to table expansion plans" by Michael Neibauer:
A half-dozen major retailers have signed a letter to D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray urging him to veto the large retailer living wage bill, threatening to "revisit" expansion plans if the legislation is enacted.

Top executives with The Home Depot Inc., Target Corp., AutoZone Inc., Lowe's Cos. Inc., Walgreen Co. and Macy's Inc. "respectfully" requested that Gray kill the measure, which would force all retailers with 75,000 square feet, whose parent company's grosses at least $1 billion a year, to pay their employees $12.50 an hour, net of benefits.
The legislation, adopted last week by the D.C. Council, exempts unionized stores, including Giant and Safeway. Wal-Mart, which was planning to open six D.C. stores, is the obvious target of the bill, but this letter suggests other, major retailers are equally concerned about its effects.
The letter from the six retailers further states, "Given the geographic location of the District market, access to District consumers is not necessarily dependent on establishing multiple storefronts within the city boundaries. The unintended consequence of this legislation will continue to drive consumers outside of the city, where they are already spending more than a billion dollars annually on retail options available in the suburbs of Maryland and Virginia."

Thursday, July 18, 2013

At Best, Artificial Intelligence Computer Programs As Smart As 4 Year Old With Learning Difficulties

From University of Illinois at Chicago, "Computer smart as a 4-year-old" by Jeanne Galatzer-Levy:
Artificial and natural knowledge researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago have IQ-tested one of the best available artificial intelligence systems to see how intelligent it really is.

Turns out–it’s about as smart as the average 4-year-old, they will report July 17 at the U.S. Artificial Intelligence Conference in Bellevue, Wash.
But unlike most children, the machine’s scores were very uneven across different portions of the test. “If a child had scores that varied this much, it might be a symptom that something was wrong,” said Robert Sloan, professor and head of computer science at UIC, and one of the study’s authors.

Greater Life Expectancy Increase For Blacks Since 1970 and 1930 Than For Whites

From The New York Times, "Racial Disparities in Life Spans Narrow, but Persist" by Sabrina Tavernise:
Life expectancy for blacks rose to 75 years in 2010, up from 64 years in 1970. For whites, it rose to 79 years from 72 years in the same period. In 1930, life expectancy stood at 48 for blacks and at 60 for whites.

Higher infant mortality among blacks also contributes to the gap, but less than it used to. The infant mortality rate for blacks fell by 16 percent from 2005 to 2011, compared with a 12 percent drop for whites, said Kenneth M. Johnson, a demographer at the University of New Hampshire.

Heart disease was the single biggest drag on black life expectancy, accounting for a full year of the 3.8-year difference between whites and blacks. The second-biggest factor was cancer, accounting for about eight months of the difference.

Wednesday, July 17, 2013

McKinsey Projects Investment In Shale Gas And Oil Production (Fracturing) Could Add The Most To GDP By 2020: $690 Billion Per Year To GDP And 1.7 Million Jobs: More Than Investment In Trade, Technology, Infrastrucuture Or Education: Mr. President, Stop Keeping America Unemployed: Approve Keystone Pipeline And Open More Federal Lands to Fracking

McKinsey finds that invesment in shale oil and gas will add more to US GDP by 2020 than investment in trade, technology, infrastrucuture or education.

From McKinsey & Company, "Game changers: Five opportunities for US growth and renewal" by Susan Lund, James Manyika, Scott Nyquist, Lenny Mendonca, and Sreenivas Ramaswamy, July 2013:
The US economy is struggling to find a new formula for vigorous growth. But all growth opportunities are not created equal. New McKinsey research pinpoints five catalysts—in energy, trade, technology, infrastructure, and talent development—that can quickly create jobs and deliver a substantial boost to GDP by 2020.
Source: McKinsey & Co
Shale-gas and -oil production. Powered by advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing, the production of domestic shale gas and oil has grown more than 50 percent annually since 2007. The shale boom could add as much as $690 billion a year to GDP and create up to 1.7 million jobs across the economy by 2020. The impact will extend to energy-intensive manufacturing industries and beyond. The United States now has the potential to reduce net energy imports to zero—but only if it can successfully address the associated environmental risks.

US Ranked 94th Among Country Tax Systems

From Tax Foundation, "U.S. Tax System Ranks 94th in the World" by Andrew Lundeen:
The U.S. tax system ranks 94th out of 100 countries considered in a recently released study of international "tax attractiveness."
In an increasingly globalized world, the attractiveness of a countries tax climate continues to become more important, as people, companies, and money find it easier to locate in the most attractive places.

Unfortunately, this study only adds to the increasing pile of evidence that suggests the U.S. is not one of those places.

Natural Human Immune Response Damages DNA And Is Cancer Causing: Over Two-Thirds Of DNA Damage In Some Cancers (Bladder, Cervical, Breast, Head and Neck, and Lung) Caused By Natural Immune Response

From The National Institutes of Health, "NIH scientists find that proteins involved in immunity potentially cause cancer:"
A set of proteins involved in the body’s natural defenses produces a large number of mutations in human DNA, according to a study led by researchers at the National Institutes of Health. The findings suggest that these naturally produced mutations are just as powerful as known cancer-causing agents in producing tumors.

The proteins are part of a group called apolipoprotein B mRNA-editing enzyme catalytic polypeptide-like (APOBEC) cytidine deaminases. The investigators found that APOBEC mutations can outnumber all other mutations in some cancers, accounting for over two-thirds in some bladder, cervical, breast, head and neck, and lung tumors.

Tuesday, July 16, 2013

90 Percent Of Black Murder Victims Are Killed By Other Blacks: An Epidemic That Needs The Focus Of The Mass Media, Black Leaders, President Obama, Attorney General Holder: Crimes Against And Murder Of Blacks By Whites Is Not A Major Problem In Today's US That Needs Either Media Or Government Special Attention

From The Wall Street Journal, "Jason Riley: Race, Politics and the Zimmerman Trial: The left wants to blame black criminality on racial animus and 'the system,' but blacks have long been part of running that system." by Jason L Riley:
The homicide rate claiming black victims today is seven times that of whites, and the George Zimmermans of the world are not the reason. Some 90% of black murder victims are killed by other blacks.

So let's have our discussions, even if the only one that really needs to occur is within the black community. Civil-rights leaders today choose to keep the focus on white racism instead of personal responsibility, but their predecessors knew better.

"Do you know that Negroes are 10 percent of the population of St. Louis and are responsible for 58% of its crimes? We've got to face that. And we've got to do something about our moral standards," Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. told a congregation in 1961. "We know that there are many things wrong in the white world, but there are many things wrong in the black world, too. We can't keep on blaming the white man. There are things we must do for ourselves."

What Do The Zimmerman Verdict Protesters Know That The Jury Did Not Know?

From Samizdata, "So what do these people know that the jury did not know?" by Perry de Havilland:
So my question is… so what do these people [protesting the Zimmerman acquittal] know that the jury did not know? Why exactly are they protesting the verdict? I have not read any coherent arguments as to why the jury in this case got it wrong.

Monday, July 15, 2013

Largest Decline In Restaurant Spending Since Beginning Of 2008

From The Wall Street Journal, Real Time Economics, "Check Please? Restaurant Spending Plummets in June" by Eric Morath:
Sales at U.S. restaurants and bars took the largest one-month tumble since the recession, a possible source of concern for an industry that has been a jobs engine.

Food-service sales fell 1.2% in June, the largest decline since February 2008, the Commerce Department said Monday. Restaurant sales fell in May as well.

Why The US Bureau Of Labor Statistics Makes Revisions To Its Employment Numbers In The Two Months Following Release

From The Bureau of Labor Statistics, Beyond the Numbers, "Why are there revisions to the jobs numbers?" by Thomas Nardone, Kenneth Robertson, and Julie Hatch Maxfield:
At the beginning of each month, the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) reports the change in payroll employment for the previous month.
The estimate of employment change is based on a monthly survey of about 560,000 worksites, selected to represent the millions of businesses throughout the country. (For simplicity, we will refer to worksites as businesses even though many individual businesses provide data for multiple worksites.) In the survey sample, businesses report the total number of people who worked or received pay during the pay period that includes the 12th of the month. Although BLS uses a variety of methods to gather these reports as quickly as possible, many businesses do not have their payroll data ready to report by the scheduled date that BLS initially releases the data. In 2012, for example, the average collection rate at the time of the initial release was 73.1 percent.

The initial estimate of job change for a month is based on the growth or loss of jobs at the businesses that have reported their data. Generally, BLS assumes that the employment situation at businesses that had reported is representative of the situation at those that had not yet reported. BLS continues to collect outstanding reports from the businesses in the sample as it prepares a second and then a third estimate for the month. With each subsequent estimate, more businesses have provided their information. In 2012, the average collection rate at the time of the third estimate for a month was 94.6 percent. (See chart 1.)
Source:  Bureau of Labor Statistics

Saturday, July 13, 2013

DC School Voucher Program Reduces High School Dropout Rate From 45 Percent To 3 Percent: President Defunds Program In 2014 Budget Proposal To Protect Teachers Unions

From The Wall Street Journal, "The D.C. Voucher Example: Mr. President, how about that 97% graduation rate?"
Washington D.C.'s Opportunity Scholarship Program has released its latest data on student progress in that landmark voucher program. A remarkable 97% of its students graduated from high school in the 2011-2012 school year—a 4% increase from the two previous years. This compares to a D.C. public schools graduation rate of 55%. More than 90% of parents say they are happy with their voucher child's academic progress, and applications exceed slots for the coming school year by nearly 3 to 1.

Despite this success, Democrats killed D.C. vouchers in 2009 at the behest of teachers unions. It was left to Speaker John Boehner and former Connecticut Senator Joe Lieberman to rescue the education lifeline. The President's 2014 budget proposal again zeroes out funding, but it will survive thanks to House Republicans.

US Household Formation Is At 40 Percent Of Pre-Recession Level: Negative Effect On GDP, Home Values, Household Wealth, Demand For Appliances And Furnishings

From Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Perspectives on Real Estate Speaker Series, "Difficult Job Market Suppresses Household Formations, Fed Expert Says" June 24, 2013:
during and after the 2007–09 recession, the number of households established in America plummeted by about 800,000 a year from the previous seven years.
From 2007 through 2011, an average of roughly 550,000 households formed each year in the United States, according to the U.S. Census Bureau. This number was the lowest level since records started being kept after World War II, and was 59 percent below the annual average of 1.35 million household formations from 2000 to 2006.

The graduate in the basement may sound like a cliche. But that phenomenon appears to explain a large part of the fall in household formations, [Andrew] Paciorek [an economist at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors] indicated. He pointed out that in 2012, 45 percent of 18- to 30-year-olds lived with older family members, compared to 39 percent in 1990 and 35 percent in 1980. That increase translates to several million more young adults choosing to live with relatives rather than to form a new household.

Because of fall in formations, housing provided no spark for recovery
The decline in household formations is the main reason why the housing industry did not play its traditional role of driving the economic recovery, Paciorek explained. After previous recessions, residential investment typically accounted for 1 to 2 percent of annual economic growth, as measured by the gross domestic product (GDP). By contrast, during the first two years of the current recovery, residential investment made no contribution to GDP growth, and has only recent begun supplying a small lift, he noted.
The household formation crash also indirectly contributed to other woes, including falling house prices, diminished household wealth tied to lower home values, and weaker demand for expensive goods such as appliances and home furnishings.

Houston Surpasses NYC As Top US Exporter

From Via Media, "Houston Unseats NYC as King of Exports:"
Houston has officially topped New York City as the greatest exporter of goods in the US—exports totaling $110.3 billion.

Friday, July 12, 2013

Decreasing Proportion Of Black Children And White Children In US: Increasing Proportion Of Asian Children, Hispanic Children And Children Of Two Or More Races

From National Institute of Health, "Federal report shows drop in proportion of children in US population: Annual statistics compilation forecasts increasing diversity:"
The number of children living in the United States declined slightly, as did the percentage of the U.S. population who are children, .... The percentage of children living in the United States who are Asian, non-Hispanic increased, as did the percentage of children who are of two or more races, and the percentage of children who are Hispanic. The percentages of children who are white, non-Hispanic, and black, non-Hispanic declined.

By 2050, about half of the American population ages under 17 is projected to be composed of children who are Hispanic, Asian, or of two or more races, the report stated. The report projected that, among children under age 17, 36 percent will be Hispanic (up from 24 percent in 2012); 6 percent will be Asian (up from 5 percent in 2012); and 7 percent will be of two or more races (up from 4 percent in 2012).”

Almost Half Of Uninsured Workers Work For Large Companies Subject To The Health Insurance Mandate

From Forbes, "News Flash: 46% Of Working Uninsured Are In Large Firms Subject To Employer Mandate" by Chris Conover:
Progressives who champion Obamacare, such as Families USA’s Ron Pollack, have assured us that the one-year delay in the employer mandate is "much ado about fairly little" given that more than 94% of employers with 50 or more workers already offer health insurance benefits. Similarly, over at the New York Times’ Economix, Jared Bernstein offers this net assessment of the one-year delay "Hard to see it having much impact at all" since the "vast majority of employers with at least 50 full-time workers — about 95 percent — already offer coverage to the workers."
These claims betray a fundamental misunderstanding of the characteristics of uninsured workers in America. The truth is nearly half of the nation’s nearly 28 million uninsured workers are employed by the very firms mandated to provide health coverage. [Emphasis added.]

Source: Forbes

Thursday, July 11, 2013

Late 19th And Early 20th Century Progressive Reforms Reduced Number Of Black Professionals

From The Beacon, "Jim Crow and the Progressives" by Carl Close:
Historians often speak glowingly about the Progressive movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Writing in the summer issue of The Independent Review, Frostburg State University economists William L. Anderson and David Kiriazis argue that the Progressive "reforms" often enabled statutes aimed at restricting economic opportunities for African Americans. Progressivism, in other words, helped give birth to Jim Crow.
One especially pernicious example, the economists explain, involved medical licensing. In 1910, seven medical schools were geared toward training African Americans. But after Progressive reformers pushed for standards favored by the (whites-only) American Medical Association only two remained. The school closures led to fewer black physicians available to serve their communities. And by restricting competition for medical services, the closures also boosted the incomes of white doctors.

Similar patterns and outcomes afflicted other professions.

Wednesday, July 10, 2013

Workers Clinging To Jobs: Sign Of Still Weak Job Market

From The Wall Street Journal, Real Time Economics, "Still Not Enough People Willing to Quit Jobs" by Neil Shah:
The labor market has strengthened this year, yet Americans are still scared to quit their jobs — a sign they have yet to regain their confidence in the economy.
Source: The Wall Street Journal

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

Credit Card Delinquencies Drop To Two Decade Low

From The Wall Street Journal, Real Time Economics, "Credit-Card Delinquency Falls to Lowest Rate Since 1990" by Eric Morath:
The delinquency rate on credit cards issued by banks fell to a seasonally adjusted 2.41% at the end of the first quarter of this year from 2.47% three months earlier, according to an American Bankers Association report to be published Tuesday. That is the lowest rate since 1990 and well below the 15-year average of 3.87%, the banking group found.
Source: The Wall Street Journal

ADHD Kids Taking Medication Show No Academic Improvement Over ADHD Kids Not Taking Medication

From The Wall Street Journal, "ADHD Drugs Don't Boost Kids' Grades Studies of Children With Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Find Little Change" by Shirley S Wang:
However, a growing body of research finds that in the long run, achievement scores, grade-point averages or the likelihood of repeating a grade generally aren't any different in kids with ADHD who take medication compared with those who don't. (Typically, studies take into account accommodations schools provide kids with ADHD, such as more time to take tests.)

A June study looked at medication usage and educational outcomes of nearly 4,000 students in Quebec over an average of 11 years and found that boys who took ADHD drugs actually performed worse in school than those with a similar number of symptoms who didn't. Girls taking the medicine reported more emotional problems, according to a working paper published on the website of the National Bureau of Economic Research, a nonprofit economics research firm.

Sunday, July 7, 2013

Feds Seize Bitcoins In Drug Bust

From The Post and Courier, "Digital currency seized in alleged drug law violation in Charleston" by Glenn Smith:
In a case believed to be the first of its kind, federal authorities have seized a Charleston [South Carolina] man's virtual currency due to an alleged drug law violation with possible links to a shadowy online black market.

The U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration recently posted a forfeiture notice indicating that agents had seized 11.02 Bitcoins worth $814 from 31-year-old Eric Daniel Hughes for allegedly violating the federal Controlled Substances Act. No other details were provided.

Friday, July 5, 2013

More Unemployed Drop Out Of Labor Force Than Get New Job

From The New York Times, Economix, "How One Month’s Jobless Fare a Month Later" by Catherine Rampell:

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, via Haver Analytics. The lines show worker flows from unemployment last month into each of the following statuses in the current month: unemployment, not in labor force, employment.
Source: The New York Times

As you can see [from chart above], the most likely outcome for someone unemployed in May was to continue being unemployed in June. The second-most-likely outcome was to drop out of the labor force entirely — that is, stop looking for work. (That’s part of the reason that today’s labor force participation rate is so low, although the biggest flow into the “not in labor force” category still comes from people who are leaving jobs rather than giving up a fruitless job hunt.)

Finally, the third-most-likely outcome was to find a job. Over all, fewer than one in five people who were unemployed in May were employed in June.

Unemployed workers have been more likely to flow out of the labor force than into employment for almost the entire period beginning around December 2008 to the present.

Wednesday, July 3, 2013

Less Particulate Air Pollution Causing More Tropical Storms And Hurricanes: Is EPA Considering The Negative Effects of Storm Related Deaths And Property Damage From Cleaner Air In Its Cost Benefit Studies

From The Washington Post, "An unintended consequence of reduced pollution: More storms" by Cristy Gelling:
The Clean Air Act, which has benefited breathing in many American cities over the past few decades, may have worsened the weather in some places.

New climate simulations suggest that reducing the level of atmospheric aerosol particles produced by human activity might have been the main cause of a recent increase in tropical storm frequency in the North Atlantic.

Aerosol levels have increased since the Industrial Revolution began, but there have been periods when emissions stalled or fell, such as the Great Depression, World War II and after clean air legislation was enacted in Europe and the United States in the 1970s and 1980s.

The climate simulations suggest that these periods of lower emissions eventually increased tropical storm frequency. “It seems the Clean Air Act in particular has led to an increased number of hurricanes over the last decade or so,” says Doug Smith of Met Office Hadley Centre in England, a co-author of the research published last week in the journal Nature Geoscience.
According to the National Hurricane Center (Table 3A, Page 9), the cost of the damage from the ten costliest tropical storms and hurricanes up to 2010 was over a quarter of a trillion dollars on a non-inflation adjusted basis. With the addition of Hurricane Sandy, the damage cost is over a third of a trillion dollars. When EPA does a cost benefit analysis, it also includes a dollar amount for the loss of a human life. Adding a dollar figure for the deaths from hurricanes and tropical storms can easily bring the costs of the costliest tropical storms and hurricanes closer to a half trillion dollars.

Unless EPA adds an amount for the cost of property damage and deaths from the increased likelihood of severe tropical storms and hurricanes from cleaner air, its studies are overstating the benefits of its regulations and rules, especially rules and regulations that target aerosol and particulate producers.

Tuesday, July 2, 2013

Huge Growth In Single Father Households

Posted by Milton Recht:

From The Wall Street Journal, Real Time Economics, "Single-Father Households Are Growing Much Faster Than Single-Mother Ones" by Khadeeja Safdar:
The number of American households headed by single fathers has ballooned over the last five decades, according to a new study by the Pew Research Center.

Single-father-led households in the U.S. have risen about nine-fold from less than 300,000 in 1960 to over 2.6 million in 2011, Pew says. A record 8% of households with minor children in the U.S. are headed by a single father, up from just over 1% in 1960, according to Pew, which analyzed Census data. Single-mother households have increased four-fold in the same time period.

Gretchen Livingston, the study’s author and a senior researcher at Pew, defines "single fathers" as people 15 and older who head their household and report living with their own minor children, including step-children or adopted children.

Essential Character Of Capitalism Is Voluntary Exchange: Capitalism Allows Development Of Elaborate And Complex Structures To Fulfill Human Needs Without Central Planning And Without Coercion: Milton Friedman Video

Posted by Milton Recht:

Video starts at 33:47 mark and ends at 45:07.

[HT: Mark Perry]

Monday, July 1, 2013

Don't Fret The Student Loan Interest Rate Doubling From 3.4 Percent To 6.8 Percent: If Congress Wants To Help Student Borrowers, It Should Increase The Length Of Time For Student Loan Repayment

Posted by Milton Recht:

Without Congressional action, the federal interest rate on student loans is set to double from 3.4 percent to 6.8 percent. However, a doubling of the interest rate on an amortizing loan, such as a student loan, does not double the monthly payment.

On a 10 year student loan, the doubling of the interest rate will increase monthly payments about 17 percent. On the average student loan of $24,803, payable over 10 years, the monthly payment will increase from $244 per month to $285 per month. An increase of $41 per month. about 17 percent.

Increase The Repayment Period

If our politicians were really concerned about the financial ability of college graduates to repay their student loans, they would offer the borrowers the option of extending the maturity of the loan. Allowing student loan borrowers to pay over fifteen or twenty years would do more to reduce the monthly payment burden then messing around with interest rates on the loans.

For example, the monthly payment on the $24,803 average student loan at 6.8 percent over 10 years is $285; over 15 years, it is $220; over 30 years, it is $189.

More Effective To Lengthen Loan Than Reduce Interest Rates

The monthly payment on a student loan with a 15 year repayment rate at the higher interest rate is lower than the monthly payment on the lower interest rate loan over ten years by 9.8 percent, $220 versus $244 per month. On the twenty year term loan, the monthly payment is 22 percent lower, $189 versus $244.

The obvious solution to the increasing amounts of student loan debt is to extend the term of the loan and allow student borrowers to pay over fifteen or twenty years instead of the current ten years, with no prepayment penalties and with ways to voluntarily increase principal repayments to pay off the student loan faster if they so desired.