Monday, September 25, 2017

Single Mother College Enrollment Has Doubled: Single Mothers Are 19 Percent Of College Enrolled Women, But Graduate At Half The Rate Of Non-Parenting Women: Time For Colleges To Have Daycare, Child Friendly Spaces, Supportive Services

From Institute For Women’s Policy Research, "Single Mothers in College: Growing Enrollment, Financial Challenges, and the Benefits of Attainment" by Melanie Kruvelis, Lindsey Reichlin Cruse, M.A., and Barbara Gault, Ph.D:
Single student mothers are growing in both absolute numbers and as a share of the college population.
The number of single mothers in college more than doubled between the 1999-00 and 2011-12 school years, to reach nearly 2.1 million students—or 11 percent of all undergraduates—as of 2012. The growth in single mothers in college was more than twice the rate of growth seen among the overall undergraduate student population (42 percent) over the same time period. Among female undergraduates, 19 percent were single mothers as of 2011-12.

Source: Institute For Women’s Policy Research

Women of color in college are especially likely to be single parents. Nearly two in five Black women (37 percent) and over one-quarter of American Indian/Alaska Native women (27 percent) are raising a child without the support of a spouse or partner while in college, compared with 19 percent of Hispanic women, 17 percent of women of two or more races, 14 percent of White women, and 7 percent of Asian/Pacific Islander women. These data demonstrate the importance of supporting single mothers’ postsecondary attainment to improving equity in higher education access and success.

Source: Institute For Women’s Policy Research
Single Mothers are Less Likely than their Peers to Complete College
Single mothers have low rates of college degree attainment: as of 2015, just 31 percent of single mothers ages 25 and older held a bachelor’s degree or higher, compared with 54 percent of comparable married mothers and 40 percent of comparable women overall.

Once enrolled, single mothers are much less likely than married mothers and women without children to complete college. Only 28 percent of single mothers who entered college between 2003 and 2009 earned a degree or certificate within 6 years, compared with 40 percent of married mothers, and 57 percent of women students who were not parenting. [Footnotes and Citations Omitted]

Thursday, September 21, 2017

2016 GDP Growth By Large And Small Metropolitan Areas: San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA And Bend-Redmond, OR Had The Highest GDP Growth For Large And Small Metro Areas

From US Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, "Gross Domestic Product by Metropolitan Area, 2016: Professional and Business Services Led Growth Across Metropolitan Areas in 2016:"
Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased in 267 out of 382 metropolitan areas in 2016 according to statistics on the geographic breakout of GDP released today by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. Real GDP by metropolitan area growth ranged from 8.1 percent in Lake Charles, LA and Bend-Redmond, OR to -13.3 percent in Odessa, TX (table 2 [Omitted]).

Source: Bureau of Economic Analysis
Large Metropolitan Area Highlights
  • Of the large metropolitan areas, those with population greater than two million, San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA (5.4 percent) and Austin-Round Rock, TX (4.9 percent) were the fastest growing metropolitan areas. Real GDP growth in San Francisco-Oakland-Hayward, CA was led by growth in finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing, while growth in Austin-Round Rock, TX was led by professional and business services.

  • The only large metropolitan area that declined was Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX (-3.0 percent). The real GDP decline in Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land, TX was led by a decline in natural resources and mining.
Small Metropolitan Area Highlights
  • Of the small metropolitan areas, those with population less than two million, Bend-Redmond, OR (8.1 percent) and Lake Charles, LA (8.1 percent) were the fastest growing metropolitan areas. Bend-Redmond, OR was led by growth in finance, insurance, real estate, rental, and leasing, while Lake Charles, LA was led by growth in nondurable-goods manufacturing.

  • The largest declines in real GDP for small metropolitan areas were in Odessa, TX (-13.3 percent) and Casper, WY (-11.6 percent). Natural resources and mining subtracted from growth in each of these metropolitan areas.

Tuesday, September 5, 2017

Increasing Number Of Medical School Graduates Will Not Practice Medicine: Choosing Lucrative Alternative Careers Instead

From Bloomberg Businessweek, "Med School Grads Go to Work for Hedge Funds: More are starting biotech companies or joining consulting or financial firms instead of practicing—all while the U.S. suffers a shortage of doctors." by Anne Mostue:
[M]ore people are coming out of medical school and choosing not to practice medicine. Instead, they’re going into business—starting biotech and medical device companies, working at private equity firms, or doing consulting. In a 2016 survey of more than 17,000 med school grads by the Physicians Foundation and health-care recruitment firm Merritt Hawkins, 13.5 percent said they planned to seek a nonclinical job within three years. That’s up from 9.9 percent in 2012. A separate Merritt Hawkins survey asks final-year residents: “If you were to begin your education again, would you study medicine or would you select another field?” In 2015, 25 percent answered “another field,” up from 8 percent in 2006. Among the reasons they cited: a lack of free time, educational debt, and the hassle of dealing with insurance companies and other third-party payers.
Medical students have more options nowadays. Medical and business schools are teaming up to offer joint degrees. There were 148 students enrolled in M.D.-MBA programs in 2016, up from 61 in 2003, according to the AAMC. At Harvard Medical School, in a class of about 160 students, about 14 will pursue the joint degree, and an additional 25 or 30 will do master’s in other areas, such as law and public policy.